Estonia has a modern market economy and boasts one of the highest per capita incomes in central Europe and the Baltic States. It has strong electronics and telecommunications sectors, as well as strong trade links with its neighbouring countries.

It is well known for its balanced budget, its almost complete lack of public debt, its simple and transparent tax system and its flexible labour market. The aim is to eliminate bureaucratic obstacles: Estonia is the world’s first digital country, with only three administrative procedures requiring you to appear in person (marriage, divorce and real estate transactions).

The government fosters increased productivity by concentrating its efforts on innovations that focus on new technology companies and e-commerce. The world’s first e-residence scheme, which has a goal of reaching 10 million “inhabitants” by 2025, was launched in this context.

The trip, which was taken from 4 to 7 November 2019, focused on:

  • Public-private partnerships in the digitalisation of the country.
  • The efficiency of the administration.
  • The healthcare and education systems.

We took the opportunity to visit Helsinki (Finland) on the last day to learn first-hand how the welfare state model evolved and how the commitment to research and innovation as a country strategy has progressed since the 2007 trip.


  • 8th edition (2019): E-state and innovation: Estonia and Finland
  • 7th edition (2017): Public-private collaboration and welfare state: Denmark
  • 6th edition (2015): Technological Innovation and Entrepreneurship in Silicon Valley, California, United States
  • 5th edition (2013): Competitiveness of a powerful industry, and dual vocational training Bavaria, Germany
  • 4th edition (2011): The promotion of Entrepreneurship and of R+D+I: the High-Tech Cluster of Tel Aviv, Israel
  • 3rd edition (2009): Massachusetts: Research and Technology transfer
  • 2nd edition (2008): Hong Kong and Shanghai: Infrastructure and Air connectivity
  • 1st edition (2007): Finland: Internationalization and innovation


More information




  • Work areas
  • Entrepreneurship & Innovation
  • Competitiveness
  • Social Cohesion
  • Showcasing Catalonia
  • Forum

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